Every person can affect from any pathogenic fungi. The infections caused by these dangerous fungi are termed as mycosis. Fungal infections are less common as compared to bacterial and viral infections. These infections are not restricted to humans but animals as well. Fungi can grow in a variety of places including soil, animal surface, plants, trees and etc.
Fungal infections (mycosis) are most common among those patients who use antibiotics for prolong period of time. These antibiotics not only kill pathogenic bacteria but also target normal flora of human body (useful bacteria) and give rise to fungal growth.
Here is a list of some common fungal infections with their treatment.
|No||Name of Fungi||Type of Disease||Characteristics||Pathogenesis||Treatment|
|1||Dermatophytes||Dermatophytoses||Keratine molds||Grow on skin||Clotrimazole , miconazole|
|2||Sporthrix schenckii||Sporotrichosis||Dimorphic||Lymphatic drainage ulcer||Itraconazole|
|3||Histoplasma capsulatum||Histoplasmosis||Dimorphic||Lung infection||Itraconazole|
|4||Coccidioides immitis||Coccidioidomycosis||Dimorphic||Cell mediated immunity decrease||Itaconazole|
|5||Blastomyces dermatitidis||Blastomycosis||Dimorphic||Infect to skin and bone||Itraconazole|
|6||Paracoccidioides Brasiliemsis||Paracoccidiodomycosis||Dimorphic||Infectious to many organs||Itaconazole|
|7||Candida albicans||Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis||Dimorphic||Opportunistic pathogen||Nystatin , Clotrimazole and fluconazole|
|8||Cryptococcus neoformans||Cryptococcosis||Encapsulated yeast||Influenza||Amphotericin B plus flucytosine|
|9||Aspergillus fumigatus||Allergic condition||Live in soil and not dimorphic||Opportunistic pathogen||Amphotericin B and steroid therapy|
|10||Mucor and Rhizopus||Mucormycosis||Not dimorphic and live in soil||Opportunistic pathogen||Amphotericin B|
- Microbiology An Introduction by Gerard J. Tortura, Beredell R. Funke, Christine Case. 8th Edition.
- Microbiology, Michael J.Pelczar.Jr, 5th edition.
- Review of medical microbiology and immunology by Warren levinson, 12th Edition, published year 2012.
- Clinical microbiology by Patrick R. Murray, Yvonne R. Shea Section no. 2.
Copyright 2012 Medimoon.com. All rights reserved. No part of this site can be reproduced without our written permission.None found.