Women that are pregnant with Diabetes type 2 use a better chance at good outcomes than those with Type 1, specially if they receive caution before and in their pregnancy, based on a school of Rochester Hospital (URMC) study published in the Journal of Reproductive Medicine (Nov. 2012).
The URMC study revealed that Type 1 diabetics were built with a higher incidence of complications in addition to poor outcomes versus the Type 2 and non-diabetic women. One example is, twenty percent in the Type 1 diabetics had preeclampsia, a condition marked by elevated blood pressure and protein in the urine, weighed against 14 percent of Type 2 and 1 percent of non-diabetics.
“With the rapid rise of Type 2 diabetes in reproductive-age women, it is important to look at it separate from Type 1 so we know how best to support and care for Type 2 diabetics to promote the best possible outcomes in pregnancy,” said Eva K. Pressman, M.D., professor of obstetrics and gynecology and head of the division of maternal fetal medicine at URMC. Historically, research on diabetes in pregnancy did not differentiate between the two types, according to Pressman.
Type 1 mothers who had never a cesarean delivery were built with a 1 / 2 cesarean-section rate, in comparison with 27 percent for Type 2 and 13 percent for non-diabetics. Babies of Type 2 diabetics in the study were built with a higher incidence to be large for their fertilization age, at 38 percent, versus 23 percent for Type 1 moms and 3 percent for non-diabetic moms. Eighty-five percent of babies born to Type 1 moms required admission to the NICU, in comparison with 71 percent born to Type 2 moms and 11 percent of non-diabetic moms.
Pressman, who co-authored the learning with URMC colleagues Loralei L. Thornburg, M.D., and Kristin M. Knight, M.D., reviewed medical records from your six-year period ending in 2006, comparing pregnancies and link between 64 women with Type 1 and 64 women with Type 2, to people of 256 non-diabetic women. Not surprisingly, all in all, non-diabetic mothers and their babies fared better than diabetics with regard to outcomes from childbirth.
“Further studies that distinguish Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, using comparisons with non-diabetic control groups, will become increasingly important as we seek to improve outcomes for women and their babies in light of the rising prevalence of Type 2 diabetes,” Pressman said.
Reference: The Journal of Reproductive Medicine