Antibiotic resistance is posing gigantic threats to the modern health according to the experts. It is estimated by world health organization (WHO), approximately 440 000 new cases of multidrug resistant TB occur each year, causing 50 000 deaths.
Antimicrobial resistance as defined by WHO:
“Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial medicine to which it was previously sensitive. Resistant organisms (they include bacteria, viruses and some parasites) are able to withstand attack by antimicrobial medicines, such as antibiotics, antivirals, and antimalarials, so that standard treatments become ineffective and infections persist and may spread to others.”
Chief Medical Officer of England and the Health Protection Agency has warned the healthcare professionals regarding the growing problems with resistant strains of bugs such as E. coli and gonorrhoea.
Most of the physicians are prescribing unnecessary antibiotics to treat mild infections that could increase the chances of antibiotic resistance.
he chief medical officer, Prof Dame Sally Davies, said: “Antibiotics are losing their effectiveness at a rate that is both alarming and irreversible – similar to global warming.
“I urge patients and prescribers to think about the drugs they are requesting and dispensing.
“Bacteria are adapting and finding ways to survive the effects of antibiotics, ultimately becoming resistant so they no longer work.
“The more you use an antibiotic, the more bacteria become resistant to it.”
To reinforce her message, Dame Sally has issued a list of “dos and don’ts”.
Use antibiotics only when prescribed by healthcare professional;
Do not withdraw the use of antibiotics but complete the recommended schedule as prescribed even if you feel better;
Do remember that antibiotics are unable to recover you from viral infections like colds or flue.
Avoid sharing of your antibiotics with others;
Dr Cliodna McNulty from the HPA said: “We all seem to forget just how awful you can feel with a bad cold, let alone flu, and this maybe makes us think that we are more poorly than we really are and that we need antibiotics to get better.
“But this isn’t the case and using your favourite over-the-counter medicines that can help to ease headaches, aching muscles and stop your nose running will make you feel a lot better.”
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